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    Accounting for ecosystem services – Lessons from Australia for its application and use in Oceania to achieve sustainable development2019

    BURNETT P., KEITH H., LINDENMAYER D., MAY S., VARDON M.Journaux et Revues (scientifiques)

    aide à la décision, biens et services écosystémiques

    Ecosystem Services
    Volume 39, October 2019, 100986

    • Ecosystem service accounting has much potential to inform environmental policy.

    • Accounts for the Great Barrier Reef were produced with existing information.

    • Use of ecosystem accounts for sustainable development is yet to be demonstrated.

    • Ways that ecosystem accounting can assist with sustainable development are discussed.

    This paper aims to illustrate the conceptual and practical issues that need to be considered if ecosystem service accounting is to be used to achieve sustainable development in Oceania. Recent international activity has focused on setting international standards for accounting for ecosystem services via the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA). This includes defining the assets from which ecosystem services are generated. We examine how ecosystem services are incorporated into accounting and the benefits of doing this. This is done using Australia examples from the Great Barrier Reef region and elsewhere. Key lessons relate to: (1) the practical issues facing the producers of ecosystem accounts, including data availability and quality; (2) the need to account for both ecosystem services and ecosystem assets to assess sustainability, and; (3) explaining how ecosystem accounting can assist with sustainable development via policy as well as the management of specific ecosystem assets.

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