Ressource

  • ECONOMIEEditerSupprimer

    Scientists’ views on economic growth versus the environment: a questionnaire survey among economists and non-economists2019

    DREWS S., VAN DEN BERGH J.C.J.M.Journaux et Revues (scientifiques)

    aide à la décision, coûts / mesures de réduction, épuisement des ressources, pollution

    Global Environmental Change
    Volume 46, September 2017, Pages 88-103

    Highlights
    • We provide the first online survey of scientists‘ views on growth-vs-environment.

    • Respondents have a wide range of backgrounds in the natural and social sciences.

    • We assess views on many dimensions of desirability and feasibility of growth.

    • Views differ among seven research fields, with two main clusters emerging.

    • Ideology, values and worldviews are important reasons for disagreement.


    Abstract
    The academic debate on economic growth, the environment and prosperity has continued for many decades now. In 2015, we conducted an online survey of researchers’ views on various aspects of this debate, such as the compatibility of global GDP growth with the 2 °C climate policy target, and the timing and factors of (never-)ending growth. The 814 respondents have a wide range of backgrounds, including growth theory, general economics, environmental economics, ecological economics, environmental social sciences, and natural sciences. The two main aims are: (1) to provide an overview of agreements and disagreements across research fields, and (2) to understand why opinions differ. The survey results indicate substantial disagreement across research fields on almost every posed question. Environmental problems are most frequently mentioned as a very important factor contributing to an end of economic growth. Furthermore, we find that researchers are more skeptical about growth in the context of a concrete problem like the compatibility with the 2 °C climate target than when considering environmental problems more generally. Many respondents suggest ideology, values and worldviews as important reasons for disagreement. This is supported by the statistical analysis, showing that researchers’ political orientation is consistently correlated with views on growth.

    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.08.007

  • Retour