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    European agricultural landscapes, common agricultural policy and ecosystem services: a review2014

    ( et alii ), ESPINOSA M., GALIMBERTI G., GOMEZ-Y-PALOMA S., KANTELHARDT J., KAPFER M., LEFEBVRE M., MANRIQUE R., PIORR A., VAN ZANTEN B.T., VERBURG P.H.Journaux et Revues (scientifiques)

    agriculture / aquaculture, biens et services écosystémiques, gouvernance

    Agronomy for Sustainable Development
    April 2014, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 309-325

    Since the 1950s, intensification and scale enlargement of agriculture have changed agricultural landscapes across Europe. The intensification and scale enlargement of farming was initially driven by the large-scale application of synthetic fertilizers, mechanization and subsidies of the European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Then, after the 1990s, a further intensification and scale enlargement, and land abandonment in less favored areas was caused by globalization of commodity markets and CAP reforms. The landscape changes during the past six decades have changed the flows and values of ecosystem services. Here, we have reviewed the literature on agricultural policies and management, landscape structure and composition, and the contribution of ecosystem services to regional competitiveness. The objective was to define an analytical framework to determine and assess ecosystem services at the landscape scale. In contrast to natural ecosystems, ecosystem service flows and values in agricultural landscapes are often a result of interactions between agricultural management and ecological structures. We describe how land management by farmers and other land managers relates to landscape structure and composition. We also examine the influence of commodity markets and policies on the behavior of land managers. Additionally, we studied the influence of consumer demand on flows and values of the ecosystem services that originate from the agricultural landscape.

    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13593-013-0183-4

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